You should just trust your STEM students. Sure, a small number might cheat, but why punish the good students because of the actions of a few. Clarissa also talked about how to make your science classes a caring and rich learning environment. Also some very interesting discussions about Stacey Lowery Bretz’ article challenging the value of first year labs in science courses.
Clarissa’s website https://clarissasorensenunruh.com/ which contains her syllabi in case you’re wondering how this would work.
Stacey Lowery Bretz, Evidence for the Importance of Laboratory Courses, Journal of Chemical Education, 2019, 96, 193-195
Image link. https://www.compoundchem.com/2017/04/20/marchscience/